General Travel Advice:

Key Points to Remember:

  • Seek expert travel advice at least 6 months prior to travel
  • Budget for vaccinations and equipment
  • Have travel insurance that covers activites that you might enjoy whilst on holiday, i.e. extreme sports, as well as reparturation cover - ie. will fly you home if necessary
  • If your backpacking, plan your route
  • Good personal hygiene is essential
  • Avoid swimming in contaminated water - be aware of where sewage outlets are
  • Never drink tap water - only drink bottled or sterilised water, checking all seals and wiping tops prior to use


  • Avoid ice in drinks
  • Avoid washed salads
  • Eat only fresh cooked foods
  • Avoid ice cream and diary products
  • Shell fish is a high risk food
  • Cook or peel all fruit and vegetables


  • Road traffic accidents and swimming/water are major causes of death amongst travellers

Diseases spread through body fluids and blood:

  • Hepatitis B & HIV are both acquired through contaminated blood and body fluids
  • Avoid unprotected sex - always use a condom bearing the British Standard Kitemark EN600
  • Carry a comprehensive first aid kit containing needles and syringes
  • Avoid body piercing, tattoos and acupuncture
  • Avoid blood transfusions unless essental - contact the Blood Foundation prior to travel

Animal Bites:

  • Rabies is present in many parts of the world. Once contracted, if treatment is not commenced within 24 hours, deaths is almost certain.
  • Do not touch any animals while abroad
  • If you are bitten, scratched or licked on broken skin - IMMEDIATELY wash the wound with any liquid, preferably running water for 5 minutes. Then apply alcohol or antiseptic.
  • Seek medical help IMMEDIATELY even if you have been vaccinated against rabies

Bite Prevention:

  • Malaria, Dengue Fever, Yellow Fever and Chikungunya are all transmitted by mosquito bites.
  • Seek expert advice to ensure correct medication
  • Apply insect repellents containing DEET. These must be applied on top of Suncream
  • Wear light coloured loose fitting clothes, preferably long sleeved and long trousers.
  • Sleep under impregnated mosquito nets
  • Spray room in early evening with insecticide spray

Diseases spread through droplet infection:

  • Meningitis and Diphtheria are both acquired via droplet infection
  • Be aware of crowded area, especially markets and large religious gatherings.

Diseases spread via Ticks

  • Tick Bourne Encephalitis is present in many parts Europe, especially the Baltic regions. It is seasonal from March to November. It is contracted though ticks that live in woodland and dense undergrowth
  • Travellers walking through forested areas should hiking boots and long trousers tucked into socks
  • Use of tick repellents and tick removers are adcisable
  • Japanese B Encephalitis is present in rural Asia. The peak season is summer monsoon months of June to September. It is transmitted via mosquitoes that feed on pigs and birds.
  • Bite avoidance is essential.
  • There is no effective treatment for this disease.